Painter and Founder of the Art Brut Concept
Convinced that insanity holds the promise of creativity, from 1945 Jean Dubuffet built up a collection of "Art Brut," a term he invented and went on to define. He began publishing Art Brut fascicles in 1964, authoring the first eight volumes himself; their ongoing publication continues to this day. He donated his collection to the City of Lausanne in 1971: 4,000 pieces by 133 creators. The Collection de l'Art Brut opened to the public in 1976.
Jean Dubuffet first intended to become a painter, but was put off by the classical training and cultural conditioning linked to the artist profession. It was only after turning forty that he took up painting again, in a highly personalized and original fashion.
"I do not believe that my works have been influenced by any particular form of Art Brut. All that can be said of them is that they have been encouraged and stimulated by my realizing the legitimacy of forms of art different from cultural art, and my conviction—in view of various examples—that it is possible to obtain more complete and fruitful means of expression through paths altogether distinct from those followed by cultural art.
Jean Dubuffet, Bâtons rompus
, Paris, Editions de Minuit, 1986, p.73.Exhibition Dubuffet & l'Art Brut, 2005